Accent Lighting - Depending on the size of the bathroom accent lighting can add a little drama to a bathroom by creating visual interest. As part of the decorating scheme, accent lighting can be used to spotlight particular objects that are especially attractive or interesting in the bathroom
Color - Think about the importance of color in your bathroom interior, then use proper lighting to bring out that dramatic color.
Dimming Systems - Today's dimming systems enable you to do several things: lower light levels to conserve energy and increase bulb life, vary the mood of a room, and alter the intensity of the light to suit the activity. In the bathroom a dimmer might be used to create a cozy night light out of an otherwise bright lighting system.
General Lighting - General lighting provides an area with overall illumination. Also known as ambient lighting, general lighting radiates a comfortable level of brightness, enabling one to see and walk about safely. In the bathroom this general lighting probably should be provided by incandescent or halogen lighting.
Indirect Lighting - Coves, soffits and other concealed locations can also be used to provide very pleasant, very effective indirect lighting using T5 or T8 fluorescent strip fixtures. If fluorescent lighting is used in the bathroom, if at all, it should have a very low color temperature (3000K) and a very high color rendering index (85 or even higher).
Layers of Light - There are three basic types of lighting that work together to light a bathroom: general lighting, task lighting, and accent lighting. A good lighting plan combines all three types to light an area, according to function and style.
Low-Voltage Halogen Lighting - Low-voltage halogen lighting offers a very white, crisp kind of light source that has excellent color rendering capabilities and often makes materials like cut glass or polished tile "sparkle".
Task Lighting - In the bathroom, especially around mirrors, task lighting is critical. Task lighting can assist in performing specific tasks such applying makeup, shaving, dressing a wound, or performing a manicure. It is recommended that special neodymium light bulbs be used in these applications since they provide excellent light that very closely simulates sunlight.
Vanity Lighting - Recessed down-lights should NOT be used to light your face while standing at a mirror because the light coming from these fixtures can cause too many shadows on your face. Instead, light fixtures that are attached to the wall either above or beside the mirror should be used. That way, shadows on your face can be minimized. Recessed downlights can be used in other parts of the bathroom for general lighting but NOT for task lighting at the vanity.
Wall Grazing - Wall grazing provides dramatic illumination that reveals the texture of special materials, such as the brick, stone, or tile. Wall grazing is uneven, brighter and scalloped at the top of the wall. For the most exciting effects, use PAR lamps in small aperture down-lights. Locate the downlights no more than 12 inches from the wall and the same distance apart. Wall grazing also lights polished surfaces, such as marble without distracting reflections in the surface.
Wall Washing - Wall washers are special down-lights that direct light up to the top of the wall. They eliminate the shadows, sometimes called "scallops", which are characteristic of simple down-lights. Do not space wall washers more than 36 inches apart. For the smoothest effect, space wall washers 24 inches from the wall and 24 inches apart. Avoid locating wall washers near doors where they can glare into the eyes of people entering the room. Be aware of flickering light or an electrical device that works sometimes and other times does not. This could be the indication of a loose connection somewhere. This is different from dimming and brightening of lights. That is frequently caused by a problem from the power company wiring but could also be in the house main panel.
The word moccasin can be traced back to the year 1612 and originated from a Virginia Algonquian language. Moccasins are footwear (low tailored shoes) that are constructed from soft leather (generally deerskin) and were at first the predominant footwear for hunters, traders, settlers and the North American Indian tribes. Moccasins are soft, and very quiet to walk in which made them an excellent choice of footwear for hunters to get around in without being detected by their prey. As well, since they are constructed from leather, they have good traction and easily soak up liquids.
In the beginning different tribes of Indians decorated their moccasin footwear differently depending on its specific use. The most commonly used items were beads and shells. Some tribes' preferred decorative tongues while others went in for pieces of leather hanging from the heel of the moccasin, and still others, tiny tails that dragged behind as the person walked. A wearer's tribe could often be determined simply by taking note of the footprint's shape. For example, the Great Lakes tribes favored rabbit-nose shaped toes, the plains Indians, flat toes, the Iroquois relished the look of moccasins that were wide on the bottom and finally, the Eastern Forest Indians tribes enjoyed very thin ones.
The decorations of moccasins differ from purpose to purpose and tribe to tribe. For example, most tribes had their own version of marriage moccasins and these were beaded all over the top of the moccasin. Hunting moccasins on the other hand were no-nonsense as they had no decorations and were constructed with a piece of leather wrapped around the foot. Many tribes had special moccasins for death (what they called the journey into the afterlife) and they were adorned with beads on the top, sides and soles. The patterns of moccasins included everything from religious symbols to spiritual symbols to floral patterns to geometric shapes to zoomorphic designs. Some tribes went for an added elegant touch by including a piece of velvet on the cuffs.
Moccasins shoes fall in separate groups- the hard-sole and soft-sole groups. Hard-sole moccasins began as Native American moccasins and were generally made from two or more pieces of hide with the hard sole of shaped rawhide and the fitted leather upper needing more complex tailoring than other types of moccasins. Hard-soled moccasins were very protective to the feet when an individual walked across rough terrain such as ground covered by prairie grass, sharp rocks and harsh cactus plants. The Apache tribe wore two-piece moccasins that featured a turned up toe. This toe worked as a preventative for sharp objects running into the seams of the moccasin and hurting the foot. Soft-soled moccasins on the other hand were popular in the Eastern Forest tribes and were fashioned from one piece of leather. The moccasin was constructed by bringing up the sole around the foot and then proceeding to patch or pucker the material around the instep. Soft-soled moccasins were made with a soft-soled center seam and a pucker- toe and were excellent for treading through woodlands that were covered with pine needles and leaves.
The soft-soled moccasins that were worn in the Plains and the Northwest Coast were constructed from one piece of tanned leather but were sewn along the side rather than the center of the moccasin. There were variations to the soft-soled moccasin, which included a vamp (or u-shaped piece of leather) being added and another piece at the back, known as a cuff was also added. Many of the Iroquois and Great Lake tribes constructed their moccasins with a wide vamp in such a way that it covered over the majority of the upper front of the shoe. It was other Eastern Forest tribes that fashioned moccasins with a shorter, narrower vamp that connected up with a central puckered seam that ran down the length of the shoe.
The defining characteristic of a moccasin is the unique way the material is sewn together. Moccasins are made inside out and a last (or permanent form) is not used. The bottom seams of these shoe face toward the foot when the shoes are turned right side out. The seams are trimmed and there are removable lambswool pads, which are to be found in the bottom part of the moccasin. The moccasin is designed such that the seams never come in contact with the foot.
Enjoying the outdoors can be a fun experience with some planning and preparation. Here a some tips to ensure a memorable camp out.
Enjoying the outdoors, cooking over a flame, sleeping on the hard ground in a nylon tent can be fun for some and a make work project for others. Eating healthy can be a task when out in the wilderness. The important key to fun camping is planning and organization.
After several grueling camp outs I came to realize that it could be enjoyable if I had just planned more efficiently.
Here are a few ways to make your camp outs more desirable.
Firstly, prepare as much food as you can at home. Mix ground beef for burgers, shape the patties then lay each burger on a cut square of wax paper. Then stack them on top of one another and store them in freezer bags. By doing this a couple days ahead of time, the meat will be frozen and will keep the other foods in your camping cooler chilled. Another idea is to marinate chicken and store it in freezer bags also. Try to pack dry goods as opposed to fresh. You can still eat healthy; you just have to be more selective when shopping for your trip. Fruits, such as apples, oranges and bananas don?t require refrigeration so you don?t have to worry about spoilage. Wash potatoes at home and wrap them in foil for baking instead of having to do it at the campsite. Many vegetables are available in canned form, also ravioli and stews. I found the best way to keep my breads and snacks fresh was to pack them in a rubber tote. This is a handy way to carry all of your dry goods instead of plastic bags.
Coleman propane stoves are a great asset for camping. You will get much use out of it; they last for many years. It is much easier to cook on these since you can control the heat settings.
Remember to bring a large plastic tarp and rope for overhead if the weather turns ugly. Doing this when you arrive and set up your camp will alleviate getting soaked unexpectedly. As far as bedding goes, ?think flannel?.
Flannel sheets under your sleeping bag will you keep you warm and decrease the moisture. Also large foam mats will make your sleeping arrangements more comfortable.
Flashlights or a lantern are a necessary item for nights in the wilderness.
Bringing extra fire wood and fire starter, such as ZIP is a good idea. You never know if firewood will be scarce where you are camping.
Raincoats and rubber boots are a must to keep you dry, in case of bad weather.
A few more items to remember are toilet paper, a Frisbee and a first aid kit.
Following these guidelines will ensure a fun camping trip.
Camping food list
Here is a camping foods list of items you can find at your local grocer. It is not necessary to spend a lot of money on special freeze dried foods for your camping or backpacking adventure.
When someone thinks of camping and cooking over a campstove or a campfire the image comes to mind of a breakfast of eggs and bacon and cowboy coffee on the fire and a dinner of hearty chili or beef stew that has been tended for several hours by the cook.
Unfortunately, that image only works if you have a wagon, horse or large boat to carry all the cooking accoutrements such as cast iron Dutch ovens, a large cooler with lots of ice to keep things fresh and a supply of fresh foods. These things are heavy and most campers today who are out for the back country experience prefer to carry as light a load as possible.
This usually necessitates the use of commercial freeze-dried camping meals which are 1.)expensive, 2.) usually not enough for the number of servings listed on the package and 3.)relatively tasteless and heavy on the salt and carbs. It is not necessary to do this when, with a little careful planning and a thorough search of your local grocery store can reveal a cornucopia of good food stuffs for you to take on your camping, canoeing or back-packing trip. And it doesn't have to rely on Ramen noodles for three meals a day!
Your prime consideration is going to be weight. When you consider your food, remember that you will also be carrying clothes, sleeping bag, water purification system, Thermo-Rest type mattress and who knows what else. Somewhere in with all your gear you also have to carry enough nourishment and energy for the time you are out in the woods. More than likely you will be cooking on one of the micro cooking stoves that are on the market. These consist of one burner and primarily fulfill the purpose of boiling water. Most of your food will be of the dehydrated variety so the stove is perfect for this.
There are many cereals on the market that are light in weight. Cheerios are healthy and light. Pre-packaged hot cereals, like oatmeal and Cream of Wheat work really well. If you are really interested in also reducing paper containers and keeping the price of your groceries down, buying the cereal in bulk, measuring out each days' portion and mixing in dried milk and sugar in proportion and repackaging in Zip-Loc bags works very well. You can also mix in dried fruits such as raisins, dried cranberries or blueberries or what ever fruit works for you. When you add the boiling water to the warm cereals, the fruit will re-hydrate. Of course, with the cold cereals such as the Cheerios, you will use cold water with the powdered milk.
For your breakfast drinks, you can find Tang or the store variety of orange breakfast drink almost every where. Measuring out portions again and putting them in a Zip-Loc bag gives you a method of carrying enough for several days. It helps to write the proportion of water to mix on a small piece of paper and placing it inside the bag. It is now possible to find decent drinkable coffee in bags just like tea. However, instant coffe works just as well, and again, reduces the paper waste that needs to be disposed of either by carrying out or by campfire. Cremora is an acceptable creamer for your coffee and in some areas can be found in single serving packets.
Lunches can be interesting. For lightweight bread substitute crackers such as Wasa Bread or other crackers. These also have the added advantage of not getting stale as fast as regular bread. There are many types of cheeses that do not need refrigeration, as well as small packs of genoa salami or pepperoni. Peanut butter can be put in squeeze tubes, as well as jams or jellies. Always carry chocolate! It puts a nice finish on a meal and feels very luxurious. If you don't mind carrying a little extra weight, there are numerous makers of canned meat products such as liver pate, chicken spread or ham spread, and even tuna salad.
When it comes to dinners, you have a real opportunity to get creative. Always think "out of the box" when you look in the grocery store. Many of the rice and noodle companies make dried rice and noodle dishes that at home you may use as a side dish, but out in the woods, with the addition of chopped jerkey or additional cheese or the added small can of chicken chunks with sun-dried tomatoes, can be your main course. Remember to add some nibble items while things are cooking and you will find that the meal is quite filling. Single serving soups, such as Cup of Soup, are warming and a good way to soothe the hungry beast until dinner is ready.
The primary thing to remember when camping is that it is not a forever type of thing. After a few days you will be returning to civilization and the opportunity to eat a "real" meal. You will not die of malnutrition if you don't get all your daily requirements for a couple of days. Camping in the back country makes it necessary to concentrate on calories for energy first and foremost.
However, with the above tips for cooking while outdoors, you will find yourself around the campfire, warm and full and thinking, "It don't get no better than this!" because, as we all know, everything tastes better outdoors!
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