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Glossary of Internet Terms (M-Z)

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Glossary of Internet Terms (M-Z)

Glossary of Internet Terms mail reflector : A mail reflector is a program that distributes information or files to a subscriber of a mailing list, Usenet group, or an IRC channel.
mailing list : A mailing list is a list of e-mail addresses used to have messages forwarded to groups of people.
MIME (Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions) : Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, or MIME, is the standard way to organize different file formats. For example, if you receive an e-mail, which is in a different format than yours, the file will be decoded so you can read it using MIME.
mirror site : A mirror site is usually set up due to overwhelming traffic on an existing web site. A mirror site is a site that is kept separate from the original site but contains the same information as that site. This is an alternative to users who attempt to go to a web site but cannot due to traffic problems.
moderator : A person who manages online discussion groups or mailing lists for services such as CompuServe, America Online, Prodigy or the Microsoft Network.
mosaic : A graphical browser that supports hypermedia on the World Wide Web (WWW).
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (MIME) : Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions, or MIME, is the standard way to organize different file formats. For example, if you receive an e-mail, which is in a different format than yours, the file will be decoded so you can read it using MIME.

netiquette : Internet etiquette. This refers to proper behavior while using the Internet.
Network File System (NFS) : A Network File System allows a computer to access and use files over a network, just as if it were a local network.
Network News Transfer Protocol (NNTP) : A standard industry protocol for the inquiry, distribution, retrieval, and posting of news articles.
NFS (Network File System) : A Network File System allows a computer to access and use files over a network, just as if it were a local network.
NNTP (Network News Transfer Protocol) : A standard industry protocol for the inquiry, distribution, retrieval, and posting of news articles.

packet : A standard unit of data sent across a network.
Packet Internet Gopher (PING) : A Packet Internet Gopher, or PING, is a simple way to time or test the response of an Internet connection. A PING sends a request to an Internet host and waits for a reply message called, what else, a PONG.
PAP (Password Authentication Protocol) : A widely used method to log on to an ISP without using a terminal window.
Password Authentication Protocol (PAP) : A widely used method to log on to an ISP without using a terminal window.
PING (Packet Internet Gopher) : A Packet Internet Gopher, or PING, is a simple way to time or test the response of an Internet connection. A PING sends a request to an Internet host and waits for a reply message called, what else, a PONG.
Point of Presence (POP) : Installation of telecommunications equipment.
Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) : A PPP is a protocol that provides a method for sending and receiving packets over serial point-to-point links.
POP : Installation of telecommunications equipment (Point of Presence). A protocol that allows single users to read mail from a server (Post Office Protocol).
Post Office Protocol (POP) : A protocol that allows single users to read mail from a server.
posting : Sending an article to a BBS or a Usenet newsgroup.
PPP (Point-to-Point Protocol) : A PPP is a protocol that provides a method for sending and receiving packets over serial point-to-point links.
protocol : A language spoken between computers to assist each other in sending and receiving information.

router : A device that forwards traffic between networks.

Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP) : A standard protocol which is used to run TCP/IP over a serial line. SLIP, however, will not run on a Local Area Network (LAN) connection.
server : Any computer that can provide resources to another.
service provider (Internet Service Provider) : An organization or company that has a network with a direct link to the Internet. Using a dedicated line connection, usually through a link known as a T1 connection does this. Users can dial into to that network using their modem. Most ISP's now charge a monthly fee.
SIG (Special Interest Group) : A Special Interest Group, or SIG, sponsors different items such as IRC Channels, Listservs, and Internet Sites.
signature : Type that can be automatically added to the end of an e-mail message that will identify the sender. Signatures are usually ASCII text files.
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) : A standard protocol used to transfer e-mail messages.
Simple Network Management Protocol (SNMP) : A standard Internet protocol. It is commonly used to wire hubs.
SLIP (Serial Line Internet Protocol) : A standard protocol which is used to run TCP/IP over a serial line. SLIP, however, will not run on a Local Area Network (LAN) connection.
smiley : The use punctuation marks to show feelings and emotions. For example, a smiley face is :), and a sad face would be :(
SMTP (Simple Mail Transfer Protocol) : A standard protocol used to transfer e-mail messages.
SNMP (Simple Network Management Protocol) : A standard Internet protocol. It is commonly used to wire hubs.
Special Interest Group (SIG) : A Special Interest Group, or SIG, sponsors different items such as IRC Channels, Listservs, and Internet Sites.
subnet mask (Address Mask) : This is used to recognize the sections of an IP address that concur with the different parts. Also known as the "subnet mask".

T1 : A connection of a host to the Internet where data is transferred at 1.544 megabits per second.
T3 : A connection of a host to the Internet where data is transferred at 44.746 megabits per second.
TCP/IP (Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol) : Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, or TCP/IP, is the basic communications protocol required for computers that use the Internet.
TCP/IP Stack : This is needed to properly run a TCP/IP protocol. It is made up of TCP/IP software, hardware drivers, and sockets software.
Telnet : This is the standard Internet protocol to connect to remote terminals.
TN3270 : A slightly different protocol than Telnet, TN3270 is used to connect users to an IBM mainframe.
token ring : A token ring is a kind of LAN that consists of computers that are wired into a ring. Each computer is constantly in direct contact with the next node in the ring. A token, which is a type of control message, is sent from one node to another, allowing messages to be sent throughout the network. A Token Ring network cannot communicate within itself if one ring is broken.
topology : The arrangement of all the computers on a network and the links that join them.
Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) : Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol, or TCP/IP, is the basic communications protocol required for computers that use the Internet.

B27 Universal Resource Locator (URL) : An example of a URL would be http://www.computer.com. A Universal Resource Locator refers to the universal address of an Internet web page. A URL consists of three things. First, it starts with letters such as http, ftp, or gopher that identify the resource type, followed by a colon and two forward slashes. Next, the computer's name is listed. And finally, the filename and directory of the remote resource is listed as well.
UNIX to UNIX Copy (UUCP) : A protocol that passes e-mail and news through the Internet. Originally, UUCP allowed UNIX systems to send and receive files over phone lines.
URL (Universal Resource Locator) : An example of a URL would be http://www.computer.com. A Universal Resource Locator refers to the universal address of an Internet web page. A URL consists of three things. First, it starts with letters such as http, ftp, or gopher that identify the resource type, followed by a colon and two forward slashes. Next, the computer's name is listed. And finally, the filename and directory of the remote resource is listed as well.
Usenet : A.K.A. newsgroups. There are a vast number of different newsgroups worldwide on the Internet, available to almost anyone.
UUCP (UNIX to UNIX Copy) : A protocol that passes e-mail and news through the Internet. Originally, UUCP allowed UNIX systems to send and receive files over phone lines.

Veronica : Allows searches of all gopher sites for directories, files, and other resources. Veronica is a search engine that is built into Gopher.

W3 (World Wide Web) : A collection of online documents on Internet servers worldwide. World Wide Web documents are written in HTML. In order to use the World Wide Web, you must have a World Wide Web browser.
WAIS (Wide Area Information Service) : A search engine and distributed information service that allows indexed searching and natural language input.
White Pages : Databases containing postal addresses, telephone numbers, and e-mail addresses of users on the Internet.
Wide Area Information Service (WAIS) : A search engine and distributed information service that allows indexed searching and natural language input.
Winsocks : Acronym for Windows Sockets. A set of standards and specifications for programmers who are programming a TCP/IP application to use in Windows.
World Wide Web (W3, WWW) : A collection of online documents on Internet servers worldwide. World Wide Web documents are written in HTML. In order to use the World Wide Web, you must have a World Wide Web browser.
WWW (World Wide Web, W3) : A collection of online documents on Internet servers worldwide. World Wide Web documents are written in HTML. In order to use the World Wide Web, you must have a World Wide Web browser.

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